Engineers use two massive cranes to begin lifting the first of 72 huge beams that will support HS2’s Thame Valley Viaduct in the UK.
Engineers at the site near Aylesbury used two massive cranes to lift the beams – 25 metres long and weighing 90 tonnes each – into position on top of the viaduct piers, like giant Lego blocks.
Instead of using a more traditional approach, with multiple smaller beams for each span, the design team opted for a simple structural solution with just two larger hollow u-shaped beams per span, which allows for a lighter structure and simpler construction.
The lighter-weight design, inspired by viaducts on the Spanish high speed rail network, also reduces the amount of carbon-intensive concrete and steel in the structure – cutting its carbon footprint by around a third.
Crossing the flood plain of the River Thame, the 880m long viaduct will carry HS2 services between London and Birmingham – dramatically improving journeys while freeing up space for more freight and local services on the existing network.
Set low into the landscape with a purposefully simple and consistent profile, the underside of the viaduct will be just 3m above the ground, with 36 even spans crossing the river and surrounding flood plain.
“HS2 will offer zero-carbon journeys from day one, but we’re also working hard to reduce the amount of carbon used in construction. That’s why we’re applying the latest approaches from across Europe to help us cut the amount of embedded carbon in our major structures and speed up construction,” says HS2 Ltd Senior Project Manager Jennifer Lennon.
“The post-tensioned double-beam approach used here has enabled the major elements of the viaduct to be manufactured off-site – dramatically improving efficiency, safety and quality while delivering outstanding performance and durability.”
The viaduct was designed by HS2 Ltd’s main works contractor, EKFB – a team made up of Eiffage, Kier, Ferrovial Construction and BAM Nuttall – working with specialist on-site construction partner, FC Civils Solutions.
Following the success of the design, a similar approach is also being considered for the nearby Edgcote Viaduct in Northamptonshire.
Traditionally, viaduct beams – even when manufactured off-site – are secured together above each of the piers with a concrete diaphragm which is cast in situ. The larger pre-cast beams that will be used at Thame Valley and Edgcote can be secured directly to one another, removing the need for the diaphragm.
The deck on top of the beams, which will carry the track, will also be made from pre-cast concrete planks. This means that every major element of the structure – the piers, beams, deck planks and parapets – can be pre-fabricated and slotted together.
“With four beams lifted into position and 36 piers already installed, we’re thrilled with progress made so far. The installation of both the piers and beams has gone smoothly and we’re looking forward to seeing this viaduct coming together. And, despite some adverse weather recently, we’re delivering as planned, and this is really down to the expertise of the team and benefits associated with the construction method we’re using,” says FC Civils Solutions’ Head of Operations Tiago Palas.
As well as cutting embedded carbon by using less concrete and steel, the pre-fabricated approach also requires fewer lorries to deliver material to site, simplifies construction, cuts waste and reduces disruption for the community during construction. Safety on site is also improved by reducing the amount of work at height.
The 68 giant concrete piers – each weighing 42 tonnes – are also being cast at PACADAR UK’s factory on the Isle of Grain, in Kent. The first 36 piers were lifted into position on top of their foundations since early summer.
Off-site manufacturing also helps spread contract opportunities and supply chain jobs across the UK, with 200 people – including apprentices and graduate engineers from nearby Universities – employed on the Isle of Grain, delivering the viaduct and also making tunnel segments for HS2’s London tunnels.
The construction milestone also coincides with the reopening of the nearby Princes Risborough to Aylesbury line, which had been closed for 10 weeks to allow a bridge to be installed that will carry local trains over the HS2 mainline just south of Aylesbury.
Source: © High Speed Two Ltd 2023
Image Source: © High Speed Two Ltd 2023
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